Virtual Genetic & Nutrition Coaching
{"id":4472366235729,"title":"Stool Testing from GI-Map","handle":"stool-testing-from-gi-map","description":"\u003cp class=\"mb-2\"\u003eAlmost every patient can benefit from a GI-MAP gut health assessment. Some patients are looking to achieve optimal health, while other patients have been chronically ill and frustrated without a diagnosis for years.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSome conditions that warrant\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003etesting are:\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAutoimmune diseases\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eIBS\/IBD\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eDigestive complaints, diarrhea or constipation\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eBrain fog\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSkin problems, like acne and psoriasis\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eMood disorders, depression, and anxiety\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eDiabetes and weight loss issues\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWhat is tested?\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003e\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003ePATHOGENS\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe GI-MAP® includes pathogens (bacterial, parasitic, and viral) commonly known to cause intestinal gastroenteritis. It's important to note that not all individuals with positive findings for pathogens will present with symptoms. Many factors, including the health of the individual, the transient nature of some pathogens, and the presence and expression of virulence factors all contribute to an individual's symptoms.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eToxins are a type of virulence factor produced by certain pathogens. Since GI-MAP is a DNA-based test, results reflect the levels of pathogenic strains carrying the toxin genes, not the levels of any toxins that may be produced. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-4\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eBACTERIAL PATHOGENS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCampylobacter\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eC. difficile\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eToxin A\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eC. difficile\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eToxin B\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eEnterohemorrhagic\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eO157\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eEnteroinvasive\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\/Shigella\u003c\/i\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eEnterotoxigenic\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli LT\/ST\u003c\/i\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eShiga-like Toxin\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003estx1\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eShiga-like Toxin\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003estx2\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eSalmonella\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eVibro cholerae\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eYersinia enterocolitica\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-4\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePARASITIC PATHOGENS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCryptosporidium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEntamoeba histolytica\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eGiardia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-4\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eVIRAL PATHOGENS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eAdrenovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e40\/41\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eNorovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eGI\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eNorovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eGII\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003e\u003cem\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/em\u003e\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eRecent studies have shown that nearly 50% of the world's population may harbor\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e. And, although many carriers are asymptomatic,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eis known to have a causative role in ulcers, chronic gastritis, and stomach cancer.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eAdditionally, in early phases of colonization, patients may experience hypochlorhydria followed by a change to hyper aciduria. Over time, additional\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003estrains may colonize, including those with Virulence Factors and increased disease potential.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003cem\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/em\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, babA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, cabA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, cabPAI\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, dupA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, iceA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, opiA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, vacA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eNORMAL\/COMMENSAL BACTERIA\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eTrillions of microorganisms inhabit the human intestine to make up a complex ecosystem that plays an important role in human health. Commensal bacteria extract nutrients and energy from our diets, maintain gut barrier function, produce vitamins (biotin and vitamin K), and protect against colonization by potential pathogens.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eCOMMENSAL BACTERIA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eAkkermansia Mucinophilia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eBacteroides fragilis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eBifidobacterium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eClostridia (class)\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eEnterobacter\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eEnterococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eEscherichia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eFaecalbacterium prausnitzii\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eLactobacillus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eBACTERIAL PHYLA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eBacteroidetes\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eFirmicutes\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eFirmicutes\/Bacteroidetes Ratio\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eOPPORTUNISTIC\/OVERGROWTH MICROBES\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eMany bacteria measured on the GI-MAP are considered opportunistic pathogens, as they only cause disease and illness in some individuals, particularly the immune-compromised. Many individuals come into contact with opportunistic bacteria and experience no symptoms. Most sources consider these microbes to be normal in the stool. However, they can cause gastroenteritis and inflammation at high levels in vulnerable patients. Symptoms may include diarrhea, loose stools, abdominal pain, or even constipation.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eOvergrowth and excessive colonization by opportunistic bacteria may occur when the commensal bacteria are impaired by poor diet, antibiotic use, parasitic infection, or a weakened immune system. When intestinal permeability is present (see zonulin), these microbes could escape the lumen of the gut and infect extraintestinal sites.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eADDITIONAL DYSBIOTIC\/OVERGROWTH BACTERIA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEnterococcus faecalis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEnterococcus faecium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eMethanobacteriaceae (family)\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eMorganella morganii\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003ePseudomonas\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003ePseudomonas aeruginosa\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eStaphylococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eStaphylococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eaureus\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eStreptococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePOTENTIAL AUTOIMMUNE TRIGGERS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eCitrobacter\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCitrobacter freundii\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eFusobacterium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eKlebsiella\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eKlebsiella pneumoniae\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eMycobacterium avium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003ePrevotella copri\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eProteus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eProteus mirabilis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eFUNGI\/YEAST\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eFungal organisms are commonly found in the human digestive tract, but fungal overgrowth can cause illness in susceptible individuals. Fungal growth may be localized in the body. For instance,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eCandida\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp. may be high in the large intestine but normal in the small intestine, and vice versa. In a patient with suspected fungal overgrowth, additional tests may be necessary to understand the complete picture of fungal overgrowth. Urinary D-arabinitol or antibodies to\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eCandida\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eare sometimes used.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFUNGI\/YEAST\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCandida albicans\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eCandida\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eGeotricum\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eMicrosporidia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eRhodoturula\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eVIRUSES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eOPPORTUNISTIC VIRUSES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCMV- Cytomegalovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEBV- Epstein Bar Virus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003ePARASITES\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA parasite is an organism that lives and feeds on a host organism at the expense of the host. The GI-MAP tests for pathogenic parasites and protozoa\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003e(some of which are non-pathogenic)\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003emost commonly occurring in the GI tract. Sources of exposure should be identified and eliminated to prevent reinfection.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePROTOZOA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eBlastocystis hominis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eChilomastix mesnelli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCyclospora cayetanenensis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eDientamoeba fragilis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEndolimax nana\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEntamoeba coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003ePentatrichomonas hominis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWORMS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAncyclostroma duodenale\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAscaris lumbricoides\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eNecator americanis\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eTrichuris trichiura\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eTaenia solium\/saginada\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eINTESTINAL HEALTH MARKERS\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eDIGESTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eElastase-1\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSteatocrit\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMMUNE RESPONSE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSIgA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAnti-gliadin SIgA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eINFLAMMATION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eCalprotectin\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eGI MARKERS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eβ-Glucuronidase\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eOccult Blood - FIT\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eADD-ON TESTS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eZonulin\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eThis purchase includes a test review with a doctor.\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e","published_at":"2020-01-08T11:11:11-06:00","created_at":"2020-01-08T11:24:05-06:00","vendor":"NeuroWorks Wellness Center","type":"Test","tags":["GI-Map","stool test"],"price":39900,"price_min":39900,"price_max":39900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":31747627876433,"title":"Default Title","option1":"Default Title","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":false,"featured_image":null,"available":true,"name":"Stool Testing from GI-Map","public_title":null,"options":["Default Title"],"price":39900,"weight":454,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_management":null,"barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0085\/5248\/0849\/products\/labwork_small_bb8d9bee-131b-4694-9d85-2892decfe0a3.jpg?v=1578504376"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0085\/5248\/0849\/products\/labwork_small_bb8d9bee-131b-4694-9d85-2892decfe0a3.jpg?v=1578504376","options":["Title"],"media":[{"alt":null,"id":6206495490129,"position":1,"preview_image":{"aspect_ratio":1.5,"height":408,"width":612,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0085\/5248\/0849\/products\/labwork_small_bb8d9bee-131b-4694-9d85-2892decfe0a3.jpg?v=1578504369"},"aspect_ratio":1.5,"height":408,"media_type":"image","src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0085\/5248\/0849\/products\/labwork_small_bb8d9bee-131b-4694-9d85-2892decfe0a3.jpg?v=1578504369","width":612}],"content":"\u003cp class=\"mb-2\"\u003eAlmost every patient can benefit from a GI-MAP gut health assessment. Some patients are looking to achieve optimal health, while other patients have been chronically ill and frustrated without a diagnosis for years.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSome conditions that warrant\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003etesting are:\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAutoimmune diseases\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eIBS\/IBD\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eDigestive complaints, diarrhea or constipation\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eBrain fog\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSkin problems, like acne and psoriasis\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eMood disorders, depression, and anxiety\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eDiabetes and weight loss issues\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWhat is tested?\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003e\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003ePATHOGENS\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe GI-MAP® includes pathogens (bacterial, parasitic, and viral) commonly known to cause intestinal gastroenteritis. It's important to note that not all individuals with positive findings for pathogens will present with symptoms. Many factors, including the health of the individual, the transient nature of some pathogens, and the presence and expression of virulence factors all contribute to an individual's symptoms.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eToxins are a type of virulence factor produced by certain pathogens. Since GI-MAP is a DNA-based test, results reflect the levels of pathogenic strains carrying the toxin genes, not the levels of any toxins that may be produced. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-4\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eBACTERIAL PATHOGENS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCampylobacter\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eC. difficile\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eToxin A\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eC. difficile\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eToxin B\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eEnterohemorrhagic\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eO157\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eEnteroinvasive\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\/Shigella\u003c\/i\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eEnterotoxigenic\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli LT\/ST\u003c\/i\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eShiga-like Toxin\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003estx1\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eShiga-like Toxin\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eE. coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003estx2\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eSalmonella\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eVibro cholerae\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eYersinia enterocolitica\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-4\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePARASITIC PATHOGENS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCryptosporidium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEntamoeba histolytica\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eGiardia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-4\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eVIRAL PATHOGENS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eAdrenovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e40\/41\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eNorovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eGI\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eNorovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eGII\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003e\u003cem\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/em\u003e\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eRecent studies have shown that nearly 50% of the world's population may harbor\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e. And, although many carriers are asymptomatic,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eis known to have a causative role in ulcers, chronic gastritis, and stomach cancer.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eAdditionally, in early phases of colonization, patients may experience hypochlorhydria followed by a change to hyper aciduria. Over time, additional\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003estrains may colonize, including those with Virulence Factors and increased disease potential.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ci\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003cem\u003eH. pylori\u003c\/em\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, babA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, cabA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, cabPAI\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, dupA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, iceA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, opiA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eVirulence Factor, vacA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eNORMAL\/COMMENSAL BACTERIA\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eTrillions of microorganisms inhabit the human intestine to make up a complex ecosystem that plays an important role in human health. Commensal bacteria extract nutrients and energy from our diets, maintain gut barrier function, produce vitamins (biotin and vitamin K), and protect against colonization by potential pathogens.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eCOMMENSAL BACTERIA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eAkkermansia Mucinophilia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eBacteroides fragilis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eBifidobacterium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eClostridia (class)\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eEnterobacter\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eEnterococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eEscherichia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eFaecalbacterium prausnitzii\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eLactobacillus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eBACTERIAL PHYLA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eBacteroidetes\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eFirmicutes\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eFirmicutes\/Bacteroidetes Ratio\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eOPPORTUNISTIC\/OVERGROWTH MICROBES\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eMany bacteria measured on the GI-MAP are considered opportunistic pathogens, as they only cause disease and illness in some individuals, particularly the immune-compromised. Many individuals come into contact with opportunistic bacteria and experience no symptoms. Most sources consider these microbes to be normal in the stool. However, they can cause gastroenteritis and inflammation at high levels in vulnerable patients. Symptoms may include diarrhea, loose stools, abdominal pain, or even constipation.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eOvergrowth and excessive colonization by opportunistic bacteria may occur when the commensal bacteria are impaired by poor diet, antibiotic use, parasitic infection, or a weakened immune system. When intestinal permeability is present (see zonulin), these microbes could escape the lumen of the gut and infect extraintestinal sites.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eADDITIONAL DYSBIOTIC\/OVERGROWTH BACTERIA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEnterococcus faecalis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEnterococcus faecium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eMethanobacteriaceae (family)\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eMorganella morganii\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003ePseudomonas\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003ePseudomonas aeruginosa\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eStaphylococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eStaphylococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eaureus\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eStreptococcus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePOTENTIAL AUTOIMMUNE TRIGGERS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eCitrobacter\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCitrobacter freundii\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eFusobacterium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eKlebsiella\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eKlebsiella pneumoniae\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eMycobacterium avium\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003ePrevotella copri\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eProteus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eProteus mirabilis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eFUNGI\/YEAST\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eFungal organisms are commonly found in the human digestive tract, but fungal overgrowth can cause illness in susceptible individuals. Fungal growth may be localized in the body. For instance,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eCandida\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp. may be high in the large intestine but normal in the small intestine, and vice versa. In a patient with suspected fungal overgrowth, additional tests may be necessary to understand the complete picture of fungal overgrowth. Urinary D-arabinitol or antibodies to\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003eCandida\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eare sometimes used.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFUNGI\/YEAST\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCandida albicans\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eCandida\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eGeotricum\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eMicrosporidia\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\n\u003ci\u003eRhodoturula\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eVIRUSES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eOPPORTUNISTIC VIRUSES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCMV- Cytomegalovirus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEBV- Epstein Bar Virus\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003ePARASITES\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA parasite is an organism that lives and feeds on a host organism at the expense of the host. The GI-MAP tests for pathogenic parasites and protozoa\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ci\u003e(some of which are non-pathogenic)\u003c\/i\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003emost commonly occurring in the GI tract. Sources of exposure should be identified and eliminated to prevent reinfection.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePROTOZOA\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eBlastocystis hominis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eChilomastix mesnelli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eCyclospora cayetanenensis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eDientamoeba fragilis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEndolimax nana\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003eEntamoeba coli\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003ci\u003ePentatrichomonas hominis\u003c\/i\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWORMS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAncyclostroma duodenale\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAscaris lumbricoides\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eNecator americanis\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eTrichuris trichiura\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eTaenia solium\/saginada\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch3\u003eINTESTINAL HEALTH MARKERS\u003c\/h3\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eDIGESTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eElastase-1\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSteatocrit\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMMUNE RESPONSE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSIgA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eAnti-gliadin SIgA\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eINFLAMMATION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eCalprotectin\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-3\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eGI MARKERS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eβ-Glucuronidase\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eOccult Blood - FIT\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"row\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eADD-ON TESTS\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eZonulin\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eThis purchase includes a test review with a doctor.\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"col-md-6\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e"}

Stool Testing from GI-Map

Product Description

Almost every patient can benefit from a GI-MAP gut health assessment. Some patients are looking to achieve optimal health, while other patients have been chronically ill and frustrated without a diagnosis for years.

Some conditions that warrant testing are:

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • IBS/IBD
  • Digestive complaints, diarrhea or constipation
  • Brain fog
  • Skin problems, like acne and psoriasis
  • Mood disorders, depression, and anxiety
  • Diabetes and weight loss issues

 

What is tested?

PATHOGENS

The GI-MAP® includes pathogens (bacterial, parasitic, and viral) commonly known to cause intestinal gastroenteritis. It's important to note that not all individuals with positive findings for pathogens will present with symptoms. Many factors, including the health of the individual, the transient nature of some pathogens, and the presence and expression of virulence factors all contribute to an individual's symptoms.

Toxins are a type of virulence factor produced by certain pathogens. Since GI-MAP is a DNA-based test, results reflect the levels of pathogenic strains carrying the toxin genes, not the levels of any toxins that may be produced. 

 

BACTERIAL PATHOGENS

  • Campylobacter
  • C. difficile Toxin A
  • C. difficile Toxin B
  • Enterohemorrhagic E. coli
  • E. coli O157
  • Enteroinvasive E. coli/Shigella
  • Enterotoxigenic E. coli LT/ST
  • Shiga-like Toxin E. coli stx1
  • Shiga-like Toxin E. coli stx2
  • Salmonella
  • Vibro cholerae
  • Yersinia enterocolitica

PARASITIC PATHOGENS

  • Cryptosporidium
  • Entamoeba histolytica
  • Giardia

VIRAL PATHOGENS

  • Adrenovirus 40/41
  • Norovirus GI
  • Norovirus GII

H. pylori

Recent studies have shown that nearly 50% of the world's population may harbor H. pylori. And, although many carriers are asymptomatic, H. pylori is known to have a causative role in ulcers, chronic gastritis, and stomach cancer.

Additionally, in early phases of colonization, patients may experience hypochlorhydria followed by a change to hyper aciduria. Over time, additional H. pylori strains may colonize, including those with Virulence Factors and increased disease potential.

 

H. pylori

  • H. pylori
    • Virulence Factor, babA
    • Virulence Factor, cabA
    • Virulence Factor, cabPAI
    • Virulence Factor, dupA
    • Virulence Factor, iceA
    • Virulence Factor, opiA
    • Virulence Factor, vacA

 

NORMAL/COMMENSAL BACTERIA

Trillions of microorganisms inhabit the human intestine to make up a complex ecosystem that plays an important role in human health. Commensal bacteria extract nutrients and energy from our diets, maintain gut barrier function, produce vitamins (biotin and vitamin K), and protect against colonization by potential pathogens.

 

COMMENSAL BACTERIA

  • Akkermansia Mucinophilia
  • Bacteroides fragilis
  • Bifidobacterium spp.
  • Clostridia (class)
  • Enterobacter spp.
  • Enterococcus spp.
  • Escherichia spp.
  • Faecalbacterium prausnitzii
  • Lactobacillus spp.

BACTERIAL PHYLA

  • Bacteroidetes
  • Firmicutes
  • Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes Ratio

OPPORTUNISTIC/OVERGROWTH MICROBES

Many bacteria measured on the GI-MAP are considered opportunistic pathogens, as they only cause disease and illness in some individuals, particularly the immune-compromised. Many individuals come into contact with opportunistic bacteria and experience no symptoms. Most sources consider these microbes to be normal in the stool. However, they can cause gastroenteritis and inflammation at high levels in vulnerable patients. Symptoms may include diarrhea, loose stools, abdominal pain, or even constipation.

Overgrowth and excessive colonization by opportunistic bacteria may occur when the commensal bacteria are impaired by poor diet, antibiotic use, parasitic infection, or a weakened immune system. When intestinal permeability is present (see zonulin), these microbes could escape the lumen of the gut and infect extraintestinal sites.

 

ADDITIONAL DYSBIOTIC/OVERGROWTH BACTERIA

  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Enterococcus faecium
  • Methanobacteriaceae (family)
  • Morganella morganii
  • Pseudomonas spp.
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Staphylococcus spp.
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus spp.

POTENTIAL AUTOIMMUNE TRIGGERS

  • Citrobacter spp.
  • Citrobacter freundii
  • Fusobacterium spp.
  • Klebsiella spp.
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Mycobacterium avium
  • Prevotella copri
  • Proteus spp.
  • Proteus mirabilis

FUNGI/YEAST

Fungal organisms are commonly found in the human digestive tract, but fungal overgrowth can cause illness in susceptible individuals. Fungal growth may be localized in the body. For instance, Candida spp. may be high in the large intestine but normal in the small intestine, and vice versa. In a patient with suspected fungal overgrowth, additional tests may be necessary to understand the complete picture of fungal overgrowth. Urinary D-arabinitol or antibodies to Candida are sometimes used.

 

FUNGI/YEAST

  • Candida albicans
  • Candida spp.
  • Geotricum spp.
  • Microsporidia spp.
  • Rhodoturula spp.

 

VIRUSES

 

OPPORTUNISTIC VIRUSES

  • CMV- Cytomegalovirus
  • EBV- Epstein Bar Virus

PARASITES

A parasite is an organism that lives and feeds on a host organism at the expense of the host. The GI-MAP tests for pathogenic parasites and protozoa (some of which are non-pathogenic) most commonly occurring in the GI tract. Sources of exposure should be identified and eliminated to prevent reinfection.

 

PROTOZOA

  • Blastocystis hominis
  • Chilomastix mesnelli
  • Cyclospora cayetanenensis
  • Dientamoeba fragilis
  • Endolimax nana
  • Entamoeba coli
  • Pentatrichomonas hominis

WORMS

  • Ancyclostroma duodenale
  • Ascaris lumbricoides
  • Necator americanis
  • Trichuris trichiura
  • Taenia solium/saginada

INTESTINAL HEALTH MARKERS

 

DIGESTION

  • Elastase-1
  • Steatocrit

IMMUNE RESPONSE

  • SIgA
  • Anti-gliadin SIgA

INFLAMMATION

  • Calprotectin

GI MARKERS

  • β-Glucuronidase
  • Occult Blood - FIT

ADD-ON TESTS

  • Zonulin

 

This purchase includes a test review with a doctor.

 

$399.00
Maximum quantity available reached.